Full text: Counter-espionage Law of the People's Republic of China (which has just came into effect on July 1, 2023)
Chapter I：General Provisions
Article 1: This Law is formulated on the basis of the Constitution so as to strengthen counter-espionage efforts, to prevent, stop and punish acts of espionage, to preserve national security, and to protect the people's interests.
Article 2: Counter-espionage efforts are to uphold the centralized and unified leadership of the …
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